ALAM PEDESAAN DALAM NOVEL-NOVEL AHMAD TOHARI: METONIMI KEJADIAN DAN METAFORA KEADAAN PIKIRAN DAN PERASAAN TOKOH

Mugijatna Mugijatna

Abstract


Novel-novel Ahmad Tohari didominasi oleh latar alam pedesaan Banyumas. Tulisan ini mengkaji masalah fungsi latar alam pedesaan dalam novel-novel Ahmad Tohari tersebut. Kajian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode semiotika struktural Saussurean, mengacu pada teori hubungan sintagmatik dan paradigmatik. Sumber data berupa novel-novel Ahmad Tohari yang dipilih secara purposive, berdasar pada kekayaan latar tempat yang berupa alam pedesaan dalam novel-novel tersebut. Data berupa kata-kata, frasa, atau paragraf yang diambil dari novel-novel yang dipilih. Analisis dilakukan secara deskriptif dengan langkah-langkah: pengambilan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, penarikan kesimpulan, dan kembali lagi ke pengumpulan data. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa latar yang berupa alam pedesaan dalam novel-novel Ahmad Tohari, di samping berfungsi sebagai latar kejadian, juga berfungsi sebagai metafora bagi keadaan pikiran dan perasaan tokoh-tokohnya. Di samping itu, deskripsi latar yang berupa alam pedesaan dalam novel-novel tersebut menyajikan keindahan yang memberi kenikmatan kepada pembaca.

Novels by Ahmad Tohari were dominated by village settings of Banyumas. This paper analyzed nature of villages function in the novel by AhmadTohari. The research was performed using Saussurean semiotic structural method that referred to theory of syntaxes and paradigms relationship. Data source were novels by Ahmad Tohari and were chosen purposively based on richness setting of village nature in those novels. The data in words, phrases or paragraph were taken from the novels. Analysis was performed descriptively in steps: collecting data, reducing data, perfoming data, taking conclusion, and getting back to collecting data. The result showed that the setting of village nature in those novels, besides functioned as occurrence setting also functioned as metaphor for way of thinking condition and feeling of the characters. The setting of place also showed beauty villages to entertain readers.


Keywords


novel; latar; metonimi; metafora; semiotika; metonymy; metaphor; semiotic

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v39i1.27

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