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PEMATUHAN DAN PELANGGARAN PRINSIP KESOPANAN SERTA FUNGSINYA DALAM WACANA TERKAIT USULAN DANA ASPIRASI DPR DI RUBRIK POLITIK KOMPASIANA (COMPLIANCE AND VIOLATION OF POLITENESS PRINCIPLES AND ITS FUNCTION ON THE DISCOURSE OF ASPIRATION FUND PROPOSED BY REP) | Kusno | Widyaparwa

PEMATUHAN DAN PELANGGARAN PRINSIP KESOPANAN SERTA FUNGSINYA DALAM WACANA TERKAIT USULAN DANA ASPIRASI DPR DI RUBRIK POLITIK KOMPASIANA (COMPLIANCE AND VIOLATION OF POLITENESS PRINCIPLES AND ITS FUNCTION ON THE DISCOURSE OF ASPIRATION FUND PROPOSED BY REP)

Ali Kusno

Abstract


Wacana dana aspirasi sebesar Rp1,2 triliun yang diusulkan DPR menjadi polemik dalam masyarakat. Polemik itu terjadi, salah satunya pada media sosial Kompasiana. Untuk itu, tulisan ini membahas fenomena pragmatik (pematuhan dan pelanggaran) pada rubrik Kompasiana dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Sementara itu, dalam pemerolehan data digunakan teknik unduh dan dalam penganalisisan digunakan metode interaktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa para kompasianer (penulis artikel) mematuhi prinsip-prinsip kesopanan. Prinsip kesopanan yang digunakan meliputi maksim kearifan, maksim pujian, maksim kerendahan hati, maksim kesepakatan, dan maksim simpati. Pematuhan tersebut menunjukkan bahwa kompasianer menempatkan diri sebagai bagian masyarakat. Di sisi lain, pelanggaran prinsip kesopanan meliputi maksim pujian, yakni mengkritik langsung; bertutur kasar, sengaja ingin memojokkan mitra tutur, dan menyampaikan tuduhan atas dasar kecurigaan terhadap mitra tutur. Pelanggaran maksim kesepakatan dihrnjukkan dengan pertentangan pemahaman mengenai usulan dana aspirasi DPR. Pelanggaran-pelanggaran itu berfungsi untuk menyampaikan kritik pedas kepada anggota DPR.

Discourse aspiration funds amounting to Rp11.2 trillion which is proposed by House of Representatives is being debated in society. Polemics happens, one of them on social media Kompasina. Therefore, this study discuses pragmatics phenomenon (compliance and violation) of Kompasiana rubric with descriptive qualitative method. Meanwhile, the data is obtained by using download techniques and in analyzing data employs interactive methods. The result shows that the kompasioner (writer of the article) adheres to the principles of modesty. Politeness principles used include tact maxime, approbation maxime, modesty maxime, agreement maxime, and sympathy maxime. The compliance function indicates that kompasioner get themselves as part of society. Meanwhile, violation of the modesty principle covers praise maxime, namely denounces members of Parliament in various ways, such as directly criticize with harsh words or phrases; speak with a driven sense of emotion; deliberately want to discredit hearer; convey the charges on the basis of suspicion against the hearer. Further violatioon of agreement maxime shows by the opposition understanding of the Representative aspiration fund. The intention of violation is to convey scathing criticism to members of Representative members.


Keywords


pragmatik; kesantunan; Kompasiana; pragmatic; politeness;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v43i1.106

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